July 5, 2022 – A brand new mixture vaccinefor COVID-19 will doubtless be popping out this fall, providing extra safety towards the Omicron variants of COVID-19. Vaccine maker Moderna mentioned in a current information release that the brand new vaccine is anticipated to be a “lead candidate” as a booster shot within the fall. But because the CDC has doubled down on its suggestions for many who are eligible to get their second booster, some are questioning the timing and selection of their fourth shot.
Here are the solutions to some widespread questions on boosters.
Should I get a second booster if I not too long ago examined optimistic for COVID-19?
According to CDC suggestions, it’s best to wait till your signs have ended earlier than getting a second booster shot. The CDC says that some might want to contemplate ready 3 months after the beginning of COVID-19 signs to obtain a second booster shot, however the one requirement is that you simply not have to self-isolate.
Should I count on any completely different uncomfortable side effects from the second booster?
Hannah Newman, the director of an infection prevention at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, says uncomfortable side effects from a second booster are completely different from particular person to particular person. “Side effects are very short-lived and can be treated with supportive medication,” she says. According to specialists at Johns Hopkins Medicine, widespread uncomfortable side effects of COVID-19 vaccinations embrace fever, physique aches, chills, and swollen lymph nodes. But these signs are an indication that “your immune system is responding to the shots,” they are saying
Should I strive to time my second booster with the anticipated surge of COVID-19 circumstances within the fall?
Newman recommends getting the second booster as quickly as you possibly can. “There is a high level of community transmission right now, so it’s better to get it as soon as you are eligible to allow time to build up antibodies.”
Amesh Adalja, MD, an assistant professor on the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University, says it takes “probably 7 days or so until you reach the peak protection for the immune system to have reacted.”
Should immunocompromised individuals contemplate getting a second booster?
The FDA has licensed second booster photographs for anyone over the age of fifty and folks over the age of 12 who’re immunocompromised. Newman says a second booster can provide immunocompromised individuals extra safety from COVID-19. “If they ended up having a breakthrough infection, it would ensure their symptoms would be milder, in theory,” she says.
How does the brand new Novavax vaccine have an effect on COVID-19 vaccinations and boosters?
A panel of advisers to the FDA says the Novavax vaccine for COVID-19 needs to be granted emergency use authorization, though the company itself has not but agreed. The Novavax photographs are protein-based vaccines, that means that they inject the spike protein of the COVID-19 virus into your physique. Protein-based vaccines have been used for many years. Common vaccines like these for hepatitis B and human papillomavirus (HPV) use this methodology. These are completely different from the mRNA-based Moderna and Pfizer vaccines, which give your physique the directions to make the spike protein so your immune system can study to acknowledge it sooner or later.
William Schaffner, MD, a professor of preventive medication at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, says unvaccinated Americans could also be extra doubtless get the Novavax shot if they’re skeptical of mRNA vaccines, saying “Novavax is made from more traditional methods, so we may be able to add more people to the vaccinated cohort.”
If I’ve had three doses of Pfizer’s vaccine, can I change to Moderna for the fourth?
You can get a special second booster that’s completely different from the first sequence and first booster you obtained. A research sponsored by the National Institutes of Health discovered that utilizing completely different vaccines as a primary booster was secure and efficient.
So much could possibly be using on whether or not a mix vaccine designed to goal two coronavirus strains in a single product positive factors FDA authorization and CDC suggestions to be used as an up to date booster.
In the meantime, Ashish Jha, MD, the White House COVID-19 Response Team coordinator, reassured reporters throughout a June 23 White House briefing that there can be sufficient of this mixture – often called a bivalent vaccine – for high-risk Americans going into fall and winter. But he mentioned that with out new COVID-19 funding from Congress, “we will not have enough vaccines for every American who wants one.”